Blood Test BioMarkers

BLOOD BIOMARKER                                                            Standard Range Notes
Calcium 8.8 - 10.5 mg/dL Blood Calcium Test: About This Test
A test for calcium in the blood checks the level of calcium in your body that is not stored in your bones. Almost all of the calcium in the body is stored in bone. The rest is found in the blood. The body needs calcium to build and fix bones and teeth, to help nerves work, to make muscles squeeze together, to help blood...
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE 37 - 117 U/L Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP): About This Test
An alkaline phosphatase (ALP) test measures the amount of the enzyme ALP in your blood. ALP is made mostly in the liver and in bone, with some made in the intestines and kidneys.
AST Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) Test
An aspartate aminotransferase (AST) test measures the amount of this enzyme in the blood. AST is normally found in red blood cells, liver, heart, muscle tissue, pancreas, and kidneys. AST formerly was called serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT). Low levels of AST are normally found in the blood. When body...
ALT Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Test
An alanine aminotransferase (ALT) test measures the amount of this enzyme in the blood. ALT is found mainly in the liver, but also in smaller amounts in the kidneys, heart, muscles, and pancreas. ALT was formerly called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT). ALT is measured to see if the liver is damaged or...
TSH 0.4 - 4.5 uIU/mL Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Test: About This Test
A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test is one of several blood tests used to check for thyroid gland problems. TSH causes the thyroid gland to make other important hormones that help control your body's metabolism.
Bilirubin, total 0.2 - 1.2 mg/dL Bilirubin: About This Test
A bilirubin test measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood. Bilirubin is a substance produced when the liver breaks down old red blood cells. When bilirubin levels are high, the skin and whites of the eyes may look yellow (jaundice). This may be caused by liver disease.
Hgb A1c % Hemoglobin A1c: About This Test
An A1c test is a blood test that checks your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months. This test also is called a glycohemoglobin test or a hemoglobin A1c test.
WBC COUNT 3.7 - 11.1 K/uL Complete Blood Count (CBC)
A complete blood count (CBC) gives important information about the kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps your doctor check any symptoms that you may have, such as weakness, fatigue, or bruising. A CBC also helps him or her diagnose conditions...
Red blood cells count 4.10 - 5.70 M/uL  
Hgb 13.0 - 17.0 g/dL  
Hematocrit 39.0 - 51.0 %  
RDW, RBC 12.0 - 16.5 %  
Platelets count 140 - 400 K/uL  
RBC's, nucleated <=0 /100WC  
Cholesterol Cholesterol and Triglycerides Tests: About These Tests
Cholesterol and triglycerides tests measure the amount of fats in your blood. These fats have both "good" (HDL) and "bad" (LDL) cholesterol.
HDL >=40 mg/dL  
Sodium 135 - 145 mEq/L
An electrolyte panel is a blood test that measures the levels of electrolytes and carbon dioxide in your blood. Electrolytes are minerals, such as sodium and potassium, that are found in the body. They keep your body's fluids in balance and help keep your body working normally, including your heart rhythm, muscle...
Chloride 100 - 111 mEq/L  
CO2 24 - 33 mEq/L  
Creatinine <=1.34 mg/dL Creatinine and Creatinine Clearance Tests: About These Tests
Creatinine tests measure the level of the waste product creatinine (say "kree-AT-uh-neen") in your blood and urine. These tests show how well your kidneys are working. When the kidneys are not working well, they can't filter creatinine from the blood. So the level of creatinine in the blood goes up. The creatinine...
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Estimated GFR (eGFR) helps us know how the kidneys are working. eGFR is based
on the creatinine blood test result, age, sex, and body size. Monitoring eGFR
over time helps us understand changes in kidney function.
Actual kidney function may be better or worse than the estimated GFR because
blood creatinine levels are affected by body make up, diet, hydration,
genetics, and more.
Multiple eGFR values are used to determine chronic kidney disease (CKD)
stages, defined by the following ranges:
eGFR 45 - 59 = Stage 3a
eGFR 30 - 44 = Stage 3b
eGFR 15 - 29 = Stage 4
eGFR under 15 = Stage 5
A magnesium test checks the level of magnesium in the blood. Magnesium is an important electrolyte needed for proper muscle, nerve, and enzyme function. It also helps the body use energy and is needed to move other electrolytes (potassium and sodium) into and out of cells. Most of the magnesium in the body is found in...
PSA, SCREENING 0.0 - 3.5 ng/mL Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: About This Test
A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test measures the amount of PSA in your blood. PSA is released into the blood by the prostate, which is part of the male reproductive system. A high PSA level may mean that you have an enlargement, infection, or cancer of the prostate.
Uric acid 2.0 - 8.5 mg/dL Uric Acid in Blood Test
The blood uric acid test measures the amount of uric acid in a blood sample. Uric acid is produced from the natural breakdown of your body's cells and from the foods you eat. Most of the uric acid is filtered out by the kidneys and passes out of the body in urine. A small amount passes out of the body in stool. But if...
ESR, UNDILUTED, AUTOMATED 0 - 20 mm/hr Sedimentation Rate (Sed Rate)
The sedimentation rate (sed rate) blood test measures how quickly red blood cells (erythrocytes) settle in a test tube in one hour. The more red cells that fall to the bottom of the test tube in one hour, the higher the sed rate. When inflammation is present in the body, certain proteins cause red blood cells to stick...
C-reactive protein,ser,ql <=0.9 mg/dL C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Test: About This Test
This blood test measures the amount of C-reactive protein in your blood. C-reactive protein levels rise when there is inflammation in your body. Very high levels of CRP are caused by infections and many serious diseases. But other tests are needed to find the actual cause and location of the inflammation.
BMI Body Mass Index (BMI)opens in a new window
Your body mass index (BMI) and waist size affect your risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and coronary artery disease. The following table shows the risk. Body mass index (BMI) and the risk for diseases Classification BMI Waist size and relative risk Men: less than 40 in. (102 cm) Women: less...
Fasting plasma glucose Blood Glucose: About This Testopens in a new window
A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. A few different types of blood glucose tests are used. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) measures blood glucose after you have not eaten for at least 8 hours. It is often the first test done to check for prediabetes and diabetes. Random...
Body Fat Body Fat Testingopens in a new window
Body fat testing checks how much body fat you have. It may be done to find out if you have too much or too little body fat. The test is one of the ways to measure healthy weight. People who are trying to become more fit and lose weight sometimes use the test to check for changes in their body fat levels.
Cholesterol (total) Cholesterol and Triglycerides Testsopens in a new window
Covers cholesterol and triglyceride blood tests to measure fatty substances in the blood. Explains why tests are done and how to prepare. Includes possible results and what they may mean. Looks at what may affect test results.
DHEA DHEA-S Testopens in a new window
DHEA-S (dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) is a male hormone (androgen) that is made in the adrenal glands. The body turns it into testosterone. A test for DHEA-S checks the level of this hormone in the blood. Testosterone affects sexual features and development. In men, it is made in large amounts by the testicles. In...
Free Testosterone Index Testosterone
Make sure you know about each of the medicines you take. This includes why you take it, how to take it, what you can expect while you're taking it, and any warnings about the medicine. The information provided here is general. So be sure to read the information that came with your medicine. If you have any questions or...
GGT GGT (Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase): About This Testopens in a new window
A GGT (gamma-glutamyl transferase) is a test to look for GGT in your blood. GGT is a protein (enzyme) that speeds up chemical reactions in the body. It is found mainly in the liver and the bile ducts. Gamma-glutamyl transferase is also called gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase.
Glutathione Glutathione is a substance made from the amino acids glycine, cysteine, and glutamic acid. It is produced by the liver and involved in many body processes. Glutathione is involved in tissue building and repair, making chemicals and proteins needed in the 
EKG Electrocardiogram (EKG): About This Test
An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart. An EKG translates the heart's electrical activity into line tracings on paper.
Grip Strength Dominant The 10% rule states that the dominant hand possesses a 10% greater grip strength than the nondominant hand. This rule has been used for many years to assist therapists in setting strength goals for patients with injured hands.
Grip Strength Non-dominant
hsCRP High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein: About This Testopens in a new window
A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) test measures the amount of CRP (C-reactive protein) in your blood. This test can help find out your risk of a heart attack and stroke. Your doctor will consider this test result along with other risk factors such as cholesterol, age, blood pressure, and smoking.
IGF-1 This test measures the amount of IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) in your blood. IGF-1 is a hormone that manages the effects of growth hormone (GH) in your body. Together, IGF-1 and GH promote normal growth of bones and tissues. GH levels in the blood fluctuate throughout the day depending on your diet and activity levels. But IGF-1 levels remain stable. So, an IGF-1 test is a useful way to find out if your body is making a normal amount of GH.
NAD Oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a biological molecule of systemic importance. Essential role of NAD+ in cellular metabolism relies on the substrate action in various redox reactions and cellular signaling.
RDW A red cell distribution width (RDW) test measures the differences in the volume and size of your red blood cells (erythrocytes). Red blood cells carry oxygen from your lungs to every cell in your body. Your cells need oxygen to grow, make new cells, and s
SHBG hat is it used for? SHBG testing is most often used to gather information about how testosterone is working in the body for: Adult males who have symptoms that may be caused by too little testosterone. Adult females who have symptoms that may be caused by
Testosterone Testosterone
    A testosterone test checks the level of this male hormone (androgen) in the blood. Testosterone affects sexual features and development. In men, it is made in large amounts by the testicles. In both men and women, testosterone is made in small amounts by the adrenal glands, and in women, by the ovaries. The pituitary...
VO2 max treadmill A VO2 max test is a maximal exercise test performed on a treadmill or bike while connected to a machine capable of analyzing your expired air. Your test provides data on how much oxygen you use as you exercise and determines the maximal oxygen you can con
20th percentile telomeres PBMC

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